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Solid waste sector management

Build a sustainable waste management sector

Solid waste management in the Philippines is ruled by the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act (Republic Act 9003). The rationale behind the promulgation in 2000, of RA 9003 was the development of systematic, comprehensive and ecological solid waste management through the assignment of specific targets with deadlines to all the local governments (LGUs). More than a decade later, considering the poor and unbalanced achievements, the Filipino Government and the Asian Development Bank agreed to launch an investment program in order to revitalize the development of solid waste management countrywide. The objective of the assignment was to establish the feasibility of solid waste management comprehensive sub-projects in 4 representative pilot local governments and to emphasize expected benefits in order to encourage other local governments to implement their own development plan. The feasibility of the pilot sub-projects was established based on the findings of a technical, financial, economic, institutional, environmental and social analysis.

  • Nationwide review of the baseline situation of the solid waste management sector;
  • Identification of the 4 pilot local governments based on criticality, representativeness, readiness and replicability criteria. The selected local governments were La Trinidad (100,000 inhab.), Janiuay (65,000), Del Carmen (20,000) and Malay-Boracay (36,000);
  • Comparison of the solid waste management technical options in the 4 pilots sites (collection, treatment and disposal), following assessment of the waste reduction, waste reuse and waste recycling opportunities;
  • Evaluation of the environmental impacts of the technical options and, where adverse, definition of mitigation measures;
  • Assessment of the social context through socioeconomic surveys (public health issues, resettlement needs and conditions, willingness to pay for solid waste management services, status of the informal sector, gender analysis, preservation of the indigenous populations’ interests, etc.), and definition of all the necessary mitigation / attendant measures;
  • Financial analysis of the proposed technical solutions, taking into account affordable tariff options and different on-lending scenarios;
  • Institutional analysis of the solid waste management in the 4 local governments and definition of the required organizational arrangements;
  • Preparation of a comprehensive Information, Education and Communication (IEC) Plan;
  • Preparation of the project’s procurement plan;
  • Development of a comprehensive capacity building program.

The investment necessary to implement the solid waste management development programs in the 4 pilot local governments was estimated at 35 million USD, accounting for about 50% of the amount of the loan, and covered the main following components:

construction/extension of sanitary landfill facilities, closure of existing dumpsites,
landfill mining, construction of material recovery facilities, procurement of waste collection vehicles (including a barge),
storage bins, weighing bridges, loaders, forklifts and compactor trucks, construction of a waste-to-energy plant (Malay-Boracay),
rehabilitation of a composting plant, implementation of the IEC Plan, capacity building,
detailed engineering, project management and supervision consulting services.

The assignment was carried out jointly with Philkoei International Inc.

National solid waste management investment required : estimated at over 2 billion USD in 2014.

10,000 t/d of uncollected waste in the country in 2014.


Client benefits:

  • Improvement of the environmental and sanitary conditions in 4 pilot local governments,
  • ​Reduction in natural resource consumption,
  • Transfer of solid waste management activities from the grey economy to the formal sector.


  • Pilot sites studies
  • Technical assessment
  • Social engineering